Shao, C.; Yang, H.; Westbrook, J. D.; Young, J. Y.; Zardecki, C. & Burley, S. K. Multivariate Analyses of Quality Metrics for Crystal Structures in the PDB Archive. Structure, 2017, 25, 458-468
Following deployment of an augmented validation system by the Worldwide Protein Data Bank (wwPDB) partnership, the quality of crystal structures entering the PDB has improved. Of significance are improvements in quality measures now prominently displayed in the wwPDB validation report. Comparisons of PDB depositions made before and after introduction of the new reporting system show improvements in quality measures relating to pairwise atom-atom clashes, side-chain torsion angle rotamers, and local agreement between the atomic coordinate structure model and experimental electron density data. These improvements are largely independent of resolution limit and sample molecular weight. No significant improvement in the quality of associated ligands was observed. Principal component analysis revealed that structure quality could be summarized with three measures (Rfree, real-space R factor Z score, and a combined molecular geometry quality metric), which can in turn be reduced to a single overall quality metric readily interpretable by all PDB archive users.