Sanchez-Garcia, R.; Segura, J.; Maluenda, D.; Carazo, J. M. & Sorzano, C. O. S. Deep consensus, a deep learning-based approach for particle pruning in cryo-electron microscopy. IUCrJ, 2018, 5, 854-865
Single-particle cryo-electron microscopy (cryo-EM) has recently become a mainstream technique for the structural determination of macromolecules. Typical cryo-EM workflows collect hundreds of thousands of single-particle projections from thousands of micrographs using particle-picking algorithms. However, the number of false positives selected by these algorithms is large, so that a number of different 'cleaning steps' are necessary to decrease the false-positive ratio. Most commonly employed techniques for the pruning of false-positive particles are time-consuming and require user intervention. In order to overcome these limitations, a deep learning-based algorithm named is presented in this work. works by computing a smart consensus over the output of different particle-picking algorithms, resulting in a set of particles with a lower false-positive ratio than the initial set obtained by the pickers. is based on a deep convolutional neural network that is trained on a semi-automatically generated data set. The performance of has been assessed on two well known experimental data sets, virtually eliminating user intervention for pruning, and enhances the reproducibility and objectivity of the whole process while achieving precision and recall figures above 90%.