Luo, Z.; Campos-Acevedo, A. A.; Lv, L.; Wang, Q.; Ma, J. Sparseness and Smoothness Regularized Imaging for improving the resolution of Cryo-EM single-particle reconstruction. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 2021, 118
In this paper, we present a refinement method for cryo-electron microscopy (cryo-EM) single-particle reconstruction, termed as OPUS-SSRI (Sparseness and Smoothness Regularized Imaging). In OPUS-SSRI, spatially varying sparseness and smoothness priors are incorporated to improve the regularity of electron density map, and a type of real space penalty function is designed. Moreover, we define the back-projection step as a local kernel regression and propose a first-order method to solve the resulting optimization problem. On the seven cryo-EM datasets that we tested, the average improvement in resolution by OPUS-SSRI over that from RELION 3.0, the commonly used image-processing software for single-particle cryo-EM, was 0.64 Å, with the largest improvement being 1.25 Å. We expect OPUS-SSRI to be an invaluable tool to the broad field of cryo-EM single-particle analysis. The implementation of OPUS-SSRI can be found at https://github.com/alncat/cryoem.