Yonekura, K.; Maki-Yonekura, S.; Naitow, H.; Hamaguchi, T. & Takaba, K. Machine learning-based real-time object locator/evaluator for cryo-EM data collection. Communications biology, 2021, 4, 1044
In cryo-electron microscopy (cryo-EM) data collection, locating a target object is error-prone. Here, we present a machine learning-based approach with a real-time object locator named yoneoLocr using YOLO, a well-known object detection system. Implementation shows its effectiveness in rapidly and precisely locating carbon holes in single particle cryo-EM and in locating crystals and evaluating electron diffraction (ED) patterns in automated cryo-electron crystallography (cryo-EX) data collection. The proposed approach will advance high-throughput and accurate data collection of images and diffraction patterns with minimal human operation.