C.O.S. Sorzano, S. Jonic, M. Cottevieille, E. Larquet, N. Boisset, S. Marco. 3D Electron microscopy of biological nanomachines: principles and applications. European Biophysics Journal, 36: 995-1013 (2007)
Transmission electron microscopy is a powerful technique for studying the three-dimensional (3D) structure of a wide range of biological specimens. Knowledge of this structure is crucial for fully understanding complex relationships among macromolecular complexes and organelles in living cells. In this paper, we present the principles and main application domains of 3D transmission electron microscopy in structural biology. Moreover, we survey current developments needed in this field, and discuss the close relationship of 3D transmission electron microscopy with other experimental techniques aimed at obtaining structural and dynamical information from the scale of whole living cells to atomic structure of macromolecular complexes.
Review, image processing techniques