Zheng, Y.; Wang, Q. & Doerschuk, P. C. Three-dimensional reconstruction of the statistics of heterogeneous objects from a collection of one projection image of each object. Journal of the Optical Society of America. A, Optics, image science, and vision, 2012, 29, 959-970
An estimation problem for statistical reconstruction of heterogeneous three-dimensional objects from two-dimensional tomographic data (single-particle cryoelectron microscope images) is posed as the problem of estimating class probabilities, means, and covariances for a Gaussian mixture where both the mean and covariance are stochastically structured. Both discrete (i.e., classes) and continuous heterogeneity is included. A maximum likelihood solution computed by a generalized expectation-maximization algorithm is presented and demonstrated on experimental images of Flock House Virus.