Moebel, E., Kervrann, C. A Monte Carlo framework for missing wedge restoration and noise removal in cryo-electron tomography. Journal of Structural Biology: X, 2020, 4, 100013
We propose a statistical method to address an important issue in cryo-electron tomography image analysis: reduction of a high amount of noise and artifacts due to the presence of a missing wedge (MW) in the spectral domain. The method takes as an input a 3D tomogram derived from limited-angle tomography, and gives as an output a 3D denoised and artifact compensated volume. The artifact compensation is achieved by filling up the MW with meaningful information. To address this inverse problem, we compute a Minimum Mean Square Error (MMSE) estimator of the uncorrupted image. The underlying high-dimensional integral is computed by applying a dedicated Markov Chain Monte-Carlo (MCMC) sampling procedure based on the Metropolis-Hasting (MH) algorithm. The proposed MWR (Missing Wedge Restoration) algorithm can be used to enhance visualization or as a pre-processing step for image analysis, including segmentation and classification of macromolecules. Results are presented for both synthetic data and real 3D cryo-electron images.